trauma

Repeated trauma may cause neurophysiological changes in the brain, specifically the amygdala which helps to regulate and modulate fear responses. Chronic trauma is especially toxic in childhood, as it affects the developing brain and nervous system, lowering ...

One of the effects of early trauma on the early developing nervous system are regulatory deficits like a lowered HPA axis threshold that leads to half-trigger release of stress hormones into our bodies.  Being bathed in stress hormones may be at the heart of ...